Emma EFridel received her Ph.D. in Criminology and Justice Policy from Northeastern University. She primarily studies violence and aggression with a focus on homicide, including school violence, homicide–suicide, serial and mass murder, and fatal officer-citizen encounters. Dr. Fridel’s work has been published in CriminologySocial Forces, and Justice Quarterly, and she is a co-author of Extreme Killing: Understanding Serial and Mass Murder.

Research Interests

Lethal Violence | Communities and Crime | Quantitative Methods | Homicide | Homicide-suicide | Serial and Mass Murder | School Violence | Lethal Police-citizen Encounters


Ph.D. 2020, Northeastern University; Criminology and Justice Policy

M.A. 2018, Northeastern University; Criminology and Criminal Justice

B.S. and B.A. 2014, Duke University; Biology and Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Spanish minor

Selected Publications

Fridel, Emma E. “Comparing the impact of household gun ownership and concealed carry legislation on the frequency of mass shootings and firearms homicide.” Forthcoming in Justice Quarterly.

Fridel, Emma E., Keller G. Sheppard, and Gregory M. Zimmerman. “Integrating the literature on police use of deadly force and police lethal victimization: How does place impact fatal police-citizen encounters?” Forthcoming in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Fridel, Emma E. “The contextual correlates of school shootings.” Forthcoming in Justice Quarterly.

Fridel, Emma E. and Gregory M. Zimmerman. 2019. “Putting homicide followed by suicide in context: Do macro-environmental characteristics impact the odds of committing suicide after homicide?” Criminology, 57(1): 34-73.

Fridel, Emma E. and Gregory M. Zimmerman. 2018. “Examining homicide-suicide as a current in the stream analogy of lethal violence.” Social Forces, 97(3): 1177-1204.