2002. “The Racial and Ethnic Typification of Crime and the Criminal Typification of Race and Ethnicity in Local Television News” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency.
2002. “Race and Attitudes Toward the Police: Assessing the Effects of Watching Reality Police Programs” Journal of Criminal Justice.
2002. “The Social Correlates of Punitiveness: Comparing an Established and an Emerging Democracy” The Justice System Journal.
2001. “Perceived Racial and Ethnic Composition of Neighborhood and Perceived Risk of Crime” Social Problems.
1997. “Crime, News and Fear of Crime” Social Problems.
1996. “Moral Panic as Ideology: Race, Drugs, Violence and Punishment in America” Race With Prejudice: Race & Justice in America.
1995. “Mobilizing Support for Social Control in a Declining Economy: Ideologies of Crime Within Crime News” Crime & Delinquency.
1995. “Race and Imprisonment: A Contextual Assessment of the Evidence” Ethnicity, Race & Crime.
1993. “Long Economic Cycles and the Criminal Justice System in the United States” Crime, Law and Social Change.
1992. “Labor Surplus and Punishment: A Review and Assessment of Theory and Evidence” Social Problems.
1987. “Rates of Crime and Unemployment: An Analysis of Aggregate Research” Social Problems.
1983. “Estimating Perceptual Stability and Deterrent Effects: The Role of Perceived Legal Punishment in the Inhibition of Criminal Involvement” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.
1982. “Causal Ordering in Deterrence Research: An Examination of the Perceptions – Behavior Relationship” Deterrence Reconsidered: Methodological Innovation.
1982. “Perceived Risk and Social Control: Do Sanctions Really Deter?” Law & Society Review.