2011. “What About the Environment? Assessing the Perceived Seriousness of Environmental Crime” International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.
Crime Seriousness Scale
2004. “Applying a Crime Seriousness Scale to Measure Changes in the Severity of Offenses by Individuals Arrested in Florida” Justice Research and Policy.
1983. “The Development of a Perceptually Based Offense Seriousness Scale” Measurement Issues in Criminal Justice.
1980. “Measuring the Severity of the Self-Reported Delinquency: The Development of a Seriousness Scale” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.