2012. “The Unintended Consequences of Penal Reform: A Case Study of Transportation in Eighteenth-Century London” Law & Society Review.
2003. “Penal Reform and the Fate of Alternatives” Punishment and Social Control: Enlarged Second Edition.
1995. “Beyond Metaphors: Penal Reform as Net-Widening” Punishment and Social Control: Essays in Honor of Sheldon L. Messinger.