Assessing Civil Citations as an Alternative to Arrest

This project will provide empirical evidence to juvenile justice administrators and policymakers with an assessment of the use of civil citations during the initial contact of police with juvenile suspects as an alternative to traditional official arrest practices. This project will examine approximately 44,000 youth eligible for civil citations in Florida from 2011 to 2013 to determine if there are disparities in its application across jurisdictions and youth demographic characteristics and if civil citations reduce the likelihood of youth involvement in subsequent delinquency.


Principal Investigator: William Bales, Ph.D.

Project Director: George Pesta, Ph.D.

Research Advisor: Thomas Blomberg, Dean and Sheldon L. Messinger Professor of Criminology

Research Partner: Mark Greenwald, Department of Juvenile Justice

Graduate Students: Julie Mestre Brancale and Melissa Nadel

Dates: January 2014 to December 2017

Funding Agency: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice

Funding Amount: $495,000

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